Britain’s Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and U.S. scientist Andrea Ghez gained the 2020 Nobel Prize for Physics for their discoveries about one of the unique phenomena within the universe, the black gap, the award-giving physique stated on Tuesday.
Genzel, of the Max Planck Institute and University of California, Berkeley, and Ghez, on the University of California, Los Angeles, shared the opposite half for discovering that an invisible and very heavy object governs the orbits of stars on the centre of our galaxy.
Physics is the second of this yr’s crop of Nobels to be awarded, after three scientists gained the medicine prize for their discovery of Hepatitis C on Monday.
Among the Nobel prizes, physics has typically dominated the highlight with previous awards going to scientific superstars akin to Albert Einstein for basic discoveries in regards to the make-up of the universe, together with the final principle of relativity.
“The discoveries of this year’s Laureates have broken new ground in the study of compact and supermassive objects,” David Haviland, chair of the Nobel Committee for Physics, stated on awarding the SEK 10 million (roughly Rs. eight crores) prize.
“But these exotic objects still pose many questions that beg for answers and motivate future research.”
Ghez is simply the fourth girl to win the physics prize, after Marie Curie in 1903, Maria Goeppert Mayer in 1963 and Donna Strickland in 2018.
The Nobel prizes had been created within the will of Swedish dynamite inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel and have been awarded since 1901.
This yr’s awards happen below the lengthy shadow of the COVID-19 pandemic that has curtailed a lot of the same old festivities surrounding the prizes and despatched the scientific world racing to develop a vaccine and remedy.
© Thomson Reuters 2020
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