Completely different points, together with the lately introduced ‘unique reservation’ for Vanniyars, will problem events on this area of each city and rural districts
Tamil Nadu’s northern area, with its good mixture of city and rural districts, presents an fascinating problem for political events this time.
In Chennai and its surrounding districts of Tiruvallur, Kancheepuram and Chengalpattu, the main focus is basically on civic and infrastructure points. Nonetheless, within the northern districts of Cuddalore, Villupuram, Kallakurichi, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Ranipet and Tirupathur, caste and the rise in costs of important commodities are prone to play a key position.
With the agricultural areas being a Vanniyar heartland, the ten.5% unique inside reservation offered to the group within the final minute by the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) authorities is prone to have an effect, each methods. The area additionally has a robust inhabitants of Dalits, along with staggered focus of different communities equivalent to Mudaliars, Yadavas and minorities.
Whereas the area is taken into account the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam’s (DMK) conventional stronghold, the AIADMK, which has few robust regional leaders like Regulation Minister C. Ve. Shanmugam, has tied up with the Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK), which largely represents the pursuits of the Vanniyars. The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam’s (DMK) alliance with the Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi (VCK) is anticipated to result in a consolidation of Dalits, giant sections of whom are pitted towards the Vanniyars.
The DMK has historically gained a majority of the seats in Chennai, besides in 2006 and 2011. The competition within the capital metropolis and its shut environment is actually primarily based on the strengths of the DMK and AIADMK, with their allies contributing solely in small measure. DMK president M.Ok. Stalin, who’s making a robust bid for the chief ministership, is contesting for a 3rd consecutive time in Kolathur, whereas his son and actor Udhayanidhi Stalin is making his electoral debut from Chepauk Thiruvallikeni, a constituency represented thrice by his grandfather M. Karunanidhi. The AIADMK has additionally fielded some distinguished personalities within the metropolis, together with former Minister Gokula Indira and former Chennai Mayor Saidai Duraisamy. Actor Kamal Haasan’s Makkal Needhi Maiam with its pro-urban picture is anticipated to ballot decently within the capital.
In rural areas, the face of politics went for a change when S. Ramadoss, a medical skilled, mobilised Vanniyars within the Eighties on the plank of unique reservation for the group. It resulted within the DMK authorities (1989-91) creating 20% reservation for the Most Backward Lessons (MBCs), together with the Vanniyars. Dr. Ramadoss, subsequently, based PMK, and it developed as a strong associate for any political alliance that gained elections between 1998 and 2006. Nonetheless, since 2009, the occasion has been on a shedding streak, although it has an assured vote financial institution of over 5%.
This time, the occasion fought and secured an unique 10.5% reservation for Vanniyars with the Most Backward Lessons quota, resulting in retention of its alliance with the AIADMK.
Nonetheless, this has led to talks of a “counter consolidation” of different communities. “In fact, the ten.5% reservation has consolidated the Vanniyars. Nevertheless it has additionally angered different communities,” mentioned Sahitya Akademi Award winner Imayam, who has captured the lives of the folks within the northern districts in his works. He feels this will likely draw adversarial response from the opposite communities on the polling cubicles.
Villagers in Tiruvannamalai district mentioned the Vanniyars and non-Vanniyars, each within the DMK and the AIADMK, are more and more discovering themselves on reverse sides of the controversy after the reservation was introduced. The PMK management, nevertheless, has sought to venture the unique reservation as a “social justice problem”. It has argued that its intention is that this could kind the idea of population-based proportional reservation for all communities as soon as the caste census is taken.
In keeping with Imayam, mobilisation on caste strains had its clear disadvantages and it will mirror within the present election additionally. He feels voters might settle for a Dalit or Vanniyar candidate of the DMK and the AIADMK, however not those fielded by events completely representing the pursuits of the communities. “It’s best to understand that although Vanniyars and Dalits represent a significant portion of the inhabitants of Cuddalore district, non-Vanniyar and non-Dalit candidates have been elected from the Cuddalore Lok Sabha constituency,” he defined.
Nonetheless, his concept might not maintain good at all times if previous elections are a sign. Within the final Lok Sabha polls, each the VCK candidates had gained. Equally, the PMK’s candidates additionally emerged victorious in giant numbers previous to 2009.
Whereas rural voters have discovered the AIADMK’s promise of a free washer and 6 free LPG cylinders enticing, the doubt over reservation — since Deputy Chief Minister O. Panneerselvam mentioned it was “provisional”— has additionally precipitated some discontent among the many Vanniyars. Furthermore, anti-incumbency elements coupled with inner-party feuding within the AIADMK camp over the choice of candidates within the Panruti and Kurinjipadi constituencies in Cuddalore district has impacted the tone of the AIADMK’s marketing campaign noticeably.
A functionary of the AIADMK mentioned that the skirmishes within the occasion, and variations towards the Industries Minister M.C. Sampath which have spilled out within the open, would possibly play spoilsport and injury the occasion’s probabilities in a number of constituencies.
Ranipet, Vellore and Tirupathur accounting for 13 constituencies have a considerable inhabitants of Muslims. The DMK has tied up with two Muslim events, the Indian Union Muslim League and Manithaneya Makkal Katchi, whereas the AIADMK’s alliance with the Bharathiya Janata Get together might price it the votes of minorities.
Simply as western Tamil Nadu decides the AIADMK’s prospects, the north might determine the DMK’s.
(With inputs from Udhav Naig, Vivek Narayanan and S. Prasad)