What number of Canadians have fallen sufferer to terrorism?
Since no federal businesses would reply the query, World Information got down to provide you with numbers by itself.
To take action, we relied on court docket information, information experiences and two tutorial databases: the Canadian Terrorism Incident Database and the College of Maryland’s World Terrorism Database.
The assaults we included on our checklist needed to meet three fundamental standards: they resulted in severe deaths or accidents; they both occurred in Canada, or occurred overseas with Canadians among the many victims; they usually had been, at the least partly, motivated by extremist ideology.
In some circumstances, figuring out violence as terrorist violence was not tough. Terrorist teams typically need the world to know they did it, and can concern claims of duty.
Some have confessed, akin to Saad Akhtar, who attacked a girl on a Toronto sidewalk in 2020 and later advised police he had left a be aware pledging allegiance to ISIS, “simply so that you guys understand it was terrorism.”
However in different circumstances, it may be tougher, elevating the generally politically charged query: what’s terrorism?
We took a cautious method, together with solely incidents the place there was dependable proof of extremist or political motives.
Some circumstances stay earlier than the courts, however the allegations contain terrorism or extremist motivation. These had been included.
For instance, we included the London truck assault, since police have alleged the suspect, Nathaniel Veltman, intentionally focused a Muslim household, and prosecutors have charged him with terrorism.
We additionally included the Toronto van assault, though the motivation was discovered by the Ontario court docket to be a mixture of Incel ideology and a want for infamy.
Additional, the Edmonton van assault made our checklist as a result of an ISIS flag was discovered within the attacker’s automobile and he had an alleged historical past of extremism.
However we didn’t embody the Toronto Danforth shootings, since police have been unable to find out a motive.
Nor did we embody the 55 Canadians and 30 everlasting residents killed when Iran’s Revolutionary Guards shot down a passenger aircraft — though the Ontario court docket has dominated it was an act of terrorism they usually arguably must be counted as properly.
Additionally not included had been the 158 Canadian Armed Forces members killed whereas serving in Afghanistan, since worldwide definitions of terrorism give attention to civilians. However because the Taliban is a listed terrorist group, there may be additionally a case for counting them as victims of terrorism.
That gave us 50 assaults exterior Canada since 2001 that killed 75 Canadians and injured 32.
Inside Canada, we recognized 16 assaults over the previous decade that killed 29 and killed 54.
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