Political violence shouldn’t be new to West Bengal and Kerala. By the way, each have a historical past of being dominated by the Left for an extended time period. Whereas the Left dominated West Bengal for 34 years until 2011, CPM-led Left Democratic Entrance (LDF) is at the moment on the helm within the southern state.
Jammu and Kashmir (J&Okay) and Bihar too have witnessed violence. Greater than political violence, J&Okay has seen political terrorism.
Bihar has witnessed extra of caste wars within the identify of political violence. Nevertheless, even that phenomenon is on the wane.
However Tripura is witnessing unprecedented political violence in current occasions. There are possibilities that the violence in West Bengal might have been a set off for clashes in Tripura.
The BJP, which challenged West Bengal chief minister Mamata Banerjee-led Trinamool Congress (TMC), confronted the brunt of violence. Banerjee, who was bodily attacked a few occasions, earned the epithet of a “street-fighter” for difficult the ruling CPM.
In the identical manner, TMC, which is the challenger in Tripura, is dealing with a backlash, allegedly from the ruling BJP.
In each the states, it could be a case of would possibly is true.
Historical past of political violence in West Bengal
West Bengal shouldn’t be new to political violence. It witnessed its first violent political violence after Independence within the type of the Tebhaga motion between 1946 and 1948.
Landowners supported by the ruling Congress clashed with Communist Celebration of India (CPI)-backed peasants who demanded two-thirds share of the harvest for the sharecroppers.
The Naxalite motion of the Nineteen Sixties, significantly the one led by Charu Majumdar in 1967, is a bloody chapter within the historical past of the state.
Many consider that 34 years of Left rule is held to be one of many main causes for the political violence.
Operation Barga within the early Nineteen Eighties, beneath which plots had been distributed amongst landless peasants, resulted within the emergence of a brand new class of landowners. It additionally led to clashes between the brand new and outdated landowners.
Violence was allegedly perpetrated by the ruling CPM on TMC, which was based by Mamata Banerjee on January 1, 1998. The Nandigram police firing of 2007 took away the lives of 14 folks. From 2008 to 2011, Maoists killed about 100 CPM cadres within the Junglemahal area.
After TMC led by Mamata Banerjee got here to energy in 2011, the CPM was on the receiving finish of the violence.
TMC vs BJP in West Bengal
Nevertheless, ever for the reason that BJP changed the CPM as TMC’s fundamental challenger, its cadres and supporters are dealing with violence, allegedly from the ruling dispensation – be it within the 2018 municipal polls, earlier than the 2021 meeting election or after it. In line with the Nationwide Crime Document Bureau (NCRB), West Bengal topped the record of political murders in 2019.
After the post-poll violence, the BJP moved the Calcutta excessive courtroom which ordered a CBI probe into the allegations of murders, rapes and different atrocities in opposition to ladies. It additionally ordered an investigation by a particular investigation staff (SIT) into allegations of lesser crimes.
The West Bengal authorities moved the Supreme Court docket in opposition to the Calcutta excessive courtroom order directing a CBI probe.
BJP vs TMC in Tripura
The CPM dominated Tripura for 5 phrases and 25 lengthy years from 1993 to 2018 – first time period between 1993 and 1998 beneath Dasarath Deb as chief minister and the later 4 phrases with Manik Sarkar because the CM.
The BJP dislodged the CPM authorities in 2018 by successful 36 of the 60 meeting seats. Biplab Kumar Deb was put in because the Tripura CM. Whereas the CPM received 16 seats, TMC couldn’t open its account despite the fact that it had contested on 24 seats.
Nevertheless, after its landslide victory within the West Bengal meeting election in Could, TMC set its eye on Tripura. It’s making an attempt to fill the vacuum created by the CPM. After West Bengal, it has engaged Prashant Kishor-led Indian Political Motion Committee (I-PAC) for Tripura too.
TMC is assembly with resistance from the ruling BJP. The primary conflict between the BJP and TMC befell when a staff of I-PAC, which had gone to Tripura to conduct a survey, was detained of their resort room on expenses of violation of COVID-19 protocols.
TMC rushed its Rajya Sabha MP Derek O’Brien to Agartala to defuse the state of affairs. Since then, TMC employees are stated to be dealing with the brunt of the BJP would possibly.
TMC Rajya Sabha MP Sushmita Dev was additionally allegedly attacked whereas campaigning within the state final month.
The elections to city native our bodies (ULB) on November 25 has witnessed a recent spate of violence within the state.
TMC has alleged that a number of folks sustained accidents after an assault on the residence of its Tripura unit’s steering committee chief Subal Bhowmik in Bhagaban Thakur Chowmuni space of Agartala on November 21.
The TMC MPs additionally sat on a dharna on Monday morning in Delhi in opposition to the arrest of Trinamool Youth Congress chief Saayoni Ghosh by Tripura Police. Actor-turned-politician Ghosh was arrested on November 21 for allegedly inflicting a ruckus at a public assembly the place Tripura chief minister Biplab Kumar Deb was current.
A delegation of TMC MPs met dwelling minister Amit Shah at his residence in New Delhi on November 22.
TMC common secretary and Mamata Banerjee’s nephew Abhishek Banerjee has rushed to Agartala to deal with the state of affairs.
In a Koo on Tuesday, the Tripura TMC unit stated, “We’re unfazed by Biplab Deb’s Duare Gunda Raj. Folks in Tripura can see via all of your actions and can very quickly oust the BJP Tripura govt and welcome actual progress, actual growth… #AbhishekBanerjeeInTripura”
TMC additionally approached the Supreme Court docket looking for contempt motion in opposition to the Tripura authorities and others for ‘failing to examine violent incidents in opposition to opposition events’ within the run as much as the ULB election. The social gathering alleged that its leaders had been being attacked and never allowed to marketing campaign for the elections.
A Supreme Court docket bench comprising Justices DY Chandrachud and AS Bopanna on Tuesday ordered Tripura DGP and IG to contemplate deploying further forces. It additionally directed Tripura DGP and residential secretary to submit their assertion on the preparations put in place to make sure free and truthful municipal elections within the violence-hit state.
Tripura could also be on its strategy to witness political violence as in West Bengal.