Well being Canada accepted the COVID-19 vaccine for kids aged 5 to 11 years outdated on Friday, and provinces have already begun reserving appointments.
“This is superb information for adults and youngsters alike,” stated Dr. Supriya Sharma, a senior medical advisor with Well being Canada, at a press convention Nov. 19.
“It offers one other software to guard Canadians, and to the reduction of many dad and mom, will assist carry again a level of normality to kids’s lives, permitting them to extra safely do the issues that they’ve missed over the last 20 months.”
Listed here are some solutions to questions dad and mom might need in regards to the pictures.
What are the dangers of COVID-19 for kids?
Kids and youth are much less prone to get severely unwell from COVID-19, Well being Canada says. However they will nonetheless get sick or have the virus with out signs, unfold it to others, and expertise long-term results in the event that they get contaminated. Kids are additionally inclined to a uncommon however critical complication referred to as multisystem inflammatory syndrome in kids (MIS-C), the place numerous organs just like the kidneys, coronary heart and lungs can develop into infected.
Kids with underlying medical situations could be at increased threat of issues from COVID-19, Well being Canada says. Though it’s very uncommon, some kids have died after contracting COVID-19 in Canada over the course of the pandemic.
“We’ve finished research throughout Canada which have proven that there have been a couple of hundred children hospitalized for both acute COVID-19 or multisystem inflammatory syndrome of youngsters, which is a dysregulated immune response that produces a extremely inflammatory state,” stated Dr. Jesse Papenburg, a pediatric infectious illness specialist on the Montreal Kids’s Hospital of the McGill College Well being Centre.
Well being Canada formally approves Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for teenagers 5-11
Research have proven that half of youngsters who find yourself within the hospital as a consequence of COVID-19 had no underlying situations that predisposed them to extreme an infection, he added.
Is the vaccine for kids totally different from the grownup vaccine?
The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, formally generally known as Comirnaty, is now accepted by Well being Canada for everybody aged 5 and up.
Nonetheless, the formulation are barely totally different for the pediatric dose – given to kids aged 5 to 11 – and the grownup dose, for folks aged 12 and up.
Most significantly, the grownup dosage comprises 30 micrograms of mRNA, whereas the pediatric dosage is simply 10 micrograms.
There’s additionally some very slight variation between the non-medicinal elements in every, for improved stability within the smaller dose. This alteration shouldn’t be thought-about clinically important, based on Well being Canada.
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After the grownup dosage of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine was accepted, the corporate started a scientific trial on kids underneath 12. The primary individuals obtained their first doses in March 2021.
Within the first part of the examine, researchers examined numerous dosage strengths, finally deciding on 10 micrograms as the perfect pediatric dose. Then, 2,268 kids had been randomly assigned to obtain both the vaccine or a placebo. The kids obtained two doses, 21 days aside.
The examine outcomes had been revealed within the peer-reviewed New England Journal of Medication.
The examine discovered that starting one week after the second dose, the vaccine was 90.7 per cent efficient at defending trial individuals from COVID-19. No critical unwanted effects had been reported in kids aged 5 to 11.
Well being Canada independently evaluates examine info supplied by firms as a part of the vaccine approval course of and green-lit the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for kids aged 5 to 11 on Nov. 19.
What’s the advisable dosing schedule?
The Nationwide Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) recommends that kids get two pictures, spaced eight weeks aside.
To this point, the provinces are following that advice.
Ought to children get the COVID shot in the event that they’ve not too long ago had one other vaccine?
NACI recommends that kids not obtain one other vaccine, for instance a flu shot, for not less than 14 days after getting the COVID-19 vaccine. Equally, they suggest that youngsters wait not less than 14 days to get their COVID-19 vaccine after receiving one other shot.
That is largely in order that medical professionals can establish if any antagonistic reactions are because of the COVID-19 vaccine or one thing else, as it’s launched throughout Canada, NACI stated.
What are the unwanted effects of the vaccine in children?
Frequent unwanted effects in kids included redness, soreness or swelling on the injection website, and extra basic signs like fatigue, headache or muscle soreness, based on Well being Canada.
These unwanted effects go away after a couple of days, based on materials compiled by the College of Waterloo’s faculty of pharmacy.
No critical unwanted effects attributed to the vaccine had been seen within the trials for younger kids. Uncomfortable side effects like anaphylaxis and myocarditis are uncommon, however have been seen in older age teams, based on the College of Waterloo.
The chance of myocarditis or pericarditis, that are irritation of the center or tissue across the coronary heart, is way increased if somebody catches COVID-19 than with the vaccine, the college stated.
What dad and mom must know in regards to the COVID vaccine for teenagers
Questioning unwanted effects is “completely reliable for any type of medical intervention,” Papenburg stated.
COVID-19 vaccines are, nonetheless, “essentially the most extremely scrutinized medical intervention in trendy drugs,” he stated. Within the U.S., almost three million doses have been given to kids aged 5 to 11 up to now, he stated.
“So far, all the information are reassuring. There have been no security indicators both from the U.S. CDC or from the FDA.”
If my youngster has already had COVID-19, ought to they get vaccinated?
NACI recommends that kids who’ve beforehand been contaminated with COVID-19 nonetheless get vaccinated.
They need to look ahead to any signs to clear up and must be thought-about non-infectious earlier than getting the vaccine.
I’ve an 11-year-old youngster. Ought to they get the pediatric vaccine or the grownup vaccine?
NACI recommends that 11-year-olds obtain the pediatric dose of vaccine. In the event that they flip 12 between their first and second doses, they will take the grownup vaccine for his or her second dose.
The College of Waterloo notes that vaccine dosages aren’t primarily based on weight, that means that simply because an 11-year-old could be as massive as some 13-year-olds, that doesn’t imply they want the stronger dose. Smaller vaccine doses are sometimes used for kids, they stated, as a result of kids have a stronger immune response than adults.
Pfizer’s analysis confirmed that 11-year-olds who obtained the smaller pediatric dose nonetheless had a strong immune response, stated Dr. Anna Banerji, a pediatric infectious illnesses specialist on the College of Toronto.
Until the kid’s twelfth birthday is Jan. 1, she recommends getting her or him vaccinated immediately as a substitute of ready till they’re eligible for the grownup dose.
“You wish to vaccinate folks once they’re at most threat and the chance is basically now and within the subsequent month or in order we head into the vacation season,” Banerji stated.
Will the COVID shot be necessary to attend faculty?
To this point, no provinces have introduced that the COVID-19 vaccine will probably be necessary for teenagers 5 to 11 to attend faculty.
How do I get my youngster vaccinated?
Completely different provinces will probably be delivering the vaccine in several methods.
In B.C., vaccinations will begin the week of Nov. 29 and oldsters can pre-register their kids on-line.
Alberta dad and mom can e book appointments for his or her kids beginning Wednesday and the primary pictures will probably be given out Friday.
Saskatchewan dad and mom can e book an appointment for his or her youngster at provincial clinics now. Vaccines will even be made accessible in additional than 100 school-based clinics.
Manitoba dad and mom can e book their children’ appointments on-line or by calling 1-844-626-8222.
Ontario’s on-line vaccine reserving portal opened for younger kids on Tuesday, and numerous public well being models are additionally providing applications tailor-made to their area, together with at colleges, in native hospitals, pharmacies and elsewhere.
COVID-19 vaccine reserving begins for teenagers aged 5 to 11 in Ontario
Quebec dad and mom can e book appointments for his or her kids on the Clic-Santé web site now. The primary pictures may start as quickly as Wednesday in vaccination centres and vaccination in colleges will probably be provided in every week.
Beginning Tuesday, New Brunswick dad and mom are in a position to e book vaccines for his or her kids and can start administering vaccines on Friday. The preliminary rollout will probably be to regional well being authority clinics however the province expects so as to add pharmacies quickly.
P.E.I. dad and mom can e book appointments for public well being clinics on the federal government web site or by telephone now, and the federal government plans to finally additionally provide it at school-based clinics.
Nova Scotia is predicted to announce particulars of its plan to vaccinate kids this week.
Newfoundland and Labrador is permitting dad and mom to e book appointments for his or her kids on its web site now, for appointments at public well being clinics. Faculties will even provide the vaccine, with particulars on that to come back.
Not one of the territories have but introduced their plans for administering vaccines to kids aged 5 to 11.
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