congress: As soon as mighty, the UPA now faces an existential disaster | India Information – Occasions of India

congress:   Once mighty, the UPA now faces an existential crisis | India News - Times of India

2021-12-02 17:22:53

NEW DELHI: The Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA), steered by Sonia Gandhi, was a mighty political formation that dominated India for a decade from 2004 to 2014 and appeared the one challenger able to taking over the BJP-led Nationwide Democratic Alliance (NDA).
Nevertheless, seven years after having misplaced energy to Narendra Modi, the alliance is dealing with questions on its relevance from a few of its members.
On Wednesday, Trinamool Congress chief Mamata Banerjee, in response to a query, replied: “What’s UPA? There is no such thing as a UPA.”
Benerjee, who’s buoyant after her get together’s spectacular victory in West Bengal state polls, additionally advocated the approaching collectively of regional outfits to tackle the BJP.
Here’s a take a look at the rise and now the existential disaster of the UPA:
Delivery to energy
The primary Prime Minister that the BJP gave to the nation, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, was a charismatic chief (((however even he didn’t have Modi’s ruthless effectivity when it got here to successful polls.))))
In 2004, upsetting many calculations, the Congress emerged as the biggest get together in Lok Sabha. Nevertheless, the get together didn’t get a majority.
A number of events, who have been against the BJP’s “proper wing” stance joined palms to supply a “secular” different, and thus was born the United Progressive Alliance or the UPA.
Manmohan Singh turned the Prime Minister whereas politically highly effective Sonia Gandhi turned the top of the UPA.
The UPA, which shaped the federal government on the Centre for 2 phrases, was a grouping of 14 events which included Lalu Prasad Yadav’s RJD, M Karunanidhi-led DMK, Sharad Pawar-led NCP and others just like the PMK, TRS, JMM, LJP, MDMK, AIMIM, PDP, IUML, RPI(A) .
The Congress-led alliance additionally had outdoors assist of the Left events. Apart from, the Samajwadi Celebration and the Bahujan Samaj Celebration additionally pitched in with assist when required.
Skill to outlive
In UPA’s first time period, the Congress had solely 145 seats but it managed to maintain a lot of the companions on its facet everytime it confronted a disaster.
One of many greatest challenges that the UPA confronted then was when the Left events determined to withdraw assist over Manmohan Singh’s nuclear energy pact with the USA of America.
The UPA managed to outlive the storm as Mulayam Singh Yadav’s Samajwadi get together bailed the formation out.
In ten years of its rule, the UPA managed to outlive many such crises.
Current standing of the UPA
The spate of drubbings that the Congress has obtained by the hands of the BJP since 2014 has meant that the get together’s means to steer the coalition has come beneath scanner. Whereas a few of the allies are sticking to the Congress, others have charted impartial methods or have switched sides to the BJP.
Let’s take a look on the events that represent UPA
Rashtriya Janata Dal
RJD has been one of many Congress’s staunchest allies, with Lalu Prasad strongly backing Sonia Gandhi a number of instances. Nevertheless, the RJD distanced itself from the Congress after the loss within the final Bihar meeting polls.
Many within the RJD felt that the Congress as an alliance companion proved to be a legal responsibility reasonably than an asset throughout the polls. Nevertheless, the current bypolls within the state, which the RJD contested by itself and misplaced, will need to have come as an eyeopener to the get together. The loss was even supposing Lalu campaigned for the get together within the bypolls.
The RJD is more likely to keep within the UPA camp as the 2 events face a typical enemy within the type of BJP.
DMK
The DMK is the one other main get together within the UPA. The get together is in energy in Tamil Nadu the place M Ok Stalin is the chief minister.
NCP
The NCP is one other essential UPA constituent. It has partnered with the Congress and the right-wing Shiv Sena to kind a authorities in Maharashtra. NCP chief Sharad Pawar is understood to have heat private relationships with events throughout the spectrum and this contains Prime Minister Narendra Modi and TMC chief Mamata Banerjee.
AIMIM
The Asaduddin Owaisi-led get together was a member of the UPA as soon as. Nevertheless, Owaisi’s bid to increase its footprint has clashed with the Congress plans. Congress leaders typically check with Owaisi as a “vote cutter” who helps the BJP throughout election campaigns.
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
The JMM partnered with the Congress to win the meeting elections within the state, scripting one of many few success tales of the UPA in current instances. The JMM-Congress authorities in Jharkhand is headed by Hemant Soren.
BSP
Mayawati’s get together typically gave assist to the UPA however now there’s a big belief deficit between it and the Congress. Each are contesting the UP elections individually. Nevertheless, private equations stay. Just lately, Priyanka Gandhi had visited Mayawati, after the latter’s mom handed away.
Nationwide Convention
The Nationwide Convention partnered the BJP on the Centre throughout Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s tenure. Nevertheless, the get together moved in direction of the Congress after Modi’s rise within the BJP and on the nationwide scene.
Others
There are a number of different events who’ve just a few MLAs or MPs who’re additionally members of the UPA. These outfits are essential of their areas however their affect on the nationwide degree is restricted.
Frequent constituents
Considerably, many events which can be or have been within the BJP-led NDA, have been additionally members of the UPA during time. Mamata Banerjee’s TMC, Ram Vilas Paswan’s LJP, Farooq Abdullah-led Nationwide Convention and Tamil Nadu’s ruling DMK are amongst events which have been with each the formations in some unspecified time in the future or the opposite.
The problem
The chief of the UPA, Congress, which accused BJP of “communal” politics and drew consolation from the assist of outfits it deemed “secular” is now dealing with a problem from these very events.
Erstwhile ally, the Samajwadi Celebration is in no temper for a tie-up in Uttar Pradesh for the meeting elections.
The Congress has misplaced base in a number of states to events just like the YSRCP in Andhra Pradesh, TRS in Telangana, the AAP in Delhi.
Regardless that these events are against the BJP, they’ve stayed away from the UPA and are in no hurry to hurry to the Congress fold.
Like TMC, AAP can be attempting to emerge throughout states and is already posing a problem to the Congress in Punjab.
The upcoming state meeting elections in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Goa and Manipur are essential for the Congress. One other electoral debacle can be seen as an indication that the get together doesn’t have the heft to steer the UPA. A strong efficiency, nevertheless, would additional its relevance.


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