WASHINGTON — In the course of the frantic evacuation from Afghanistan in August, the American troops securing the Kabul airport in opposition to suicide bombers and different risks weren’t alone. On the path of the C.I.A., agency-trained Afghan counterterrorism squads helped patrol the perimeter, safe the gates and get Americans by means of them.
These Afghan commandos stayed to the top, and had been among the many final allies to be evacuated. However at the same time as some 80,000 different Afghan refugees rapidly reached america, lots of of the C.I.A.-backed fighters and their households are amongst 1000’s who remained caught at a sprawling refugee compound within the Emirati desert.
As weeks have become months, some members of the C.I.A.-backed squads — which at instances over the previous twenty years had been accused of killing civilians and different wartime abuses — say they really feel deserted, victims of a chaotic withdrawal during which the velocity with which departing Afghans reached america was usually decided by nothing greater than what sort of aircraft they left on.
Biden administration officers say they’re on monitor to ultimately come to america.
However the plight of the commandos underscores the problems persevering with to plague the in depth evacuation, vetting and resettlement efforts 5 months after the abrupt Taliban takeover of Afghanistan in August.
On the most simple degree, the entire Afghans who helped the NATO forces in the course of the 20-year Afghanistan struggle and at the moment are in Abu Dhabi are lucky: They bought out with their households and are protected. Since August, there have been a slew of nonjudicial killings carried out in opposition to former authorities safety drive members who remained in Afghanistan.
However interviews with half a dozen officers concerned within the effort and folks conversant in the accounts supplied by a few of the commandos assist illustrate the main variations in how Afghans who bought out are being handled primarily based on which planes they boarded on the Kabul airport.
Afghans who bought onto American navy planes are the extra lucky: They had been taken to bases the place offers with host nations allowed them to remain for just a few weeks. After they had been vetted at such momentary transit places, the Homeland Safety Division invoked a not often used “humanitarian parole” energy to swiftly transfer them to america.
In consequence, almost all of these roughly 80,000 Afghans have now already been in a position to attain america. Most of them have been resettled and are beginning new lives — though their functions for everlasting standing with a Particular Immigrant Visa, or S.I.V., are nonetheless being processed.
In contrast, these Afghans who boarded non-American evacuation flights, akin to charters operated by the United Arab Emirates, had been taken to amenities in host nations the place they will keep indefinitely, together with the U.A.E.-run compound generally known as Emirates Humanitarian Metropolis. A good portion of its roughly 9,000 refugee residents are C.I.A.-trained fighters and their households, in response to folks conversant in the matter.
As a result of these Afghans in locations like Humanitarian Metropolis are protected, america is processing them by means of common bureaucratic order, officers mentioned. In consequence, they’re being required to attend there till their S.I.V. functions are accomplished — which might take many months. Necessities for vaccinations and medical assessments can additional gradual the method.
Biden administration officers had been reluctant to speak about or acknowledge the C.I.A.-backed squads particularly. However they insisted that every one the evacuees in Humanitarian Metropolis and different nations could be handled pretty.
“We’re working to develop a standardized course of that ensures we make good on our commitments to our Afghan allies,” Emily Horne, a Nationwide Safety Council spokeswoman, mentioned in a press release. “We can not underestimate the nervousness that they and their households should really feel. These of us engaged on this need to alleviate that nervousness as greatest we will and make good on our nation’s pledge to them.”
One official mentioned that about 500 S.I.V. candidates every week attain a stage within the course of the place the State Division locations them in a queue for eventual switch to america, and that a couple of quarter of the inhabitants of refugees in Humanitarian Metropolis is now at that stage.
However that official additionally mentioned even for that group, it was more likely to be a number of extra months at greatest earlier than these candidates would full different steps within the visa course of. One other official mentioned it was more likely to be one other 5 months earlier than the C.I.A. fighters and their households had been in a position to come to america.
The fighters are not like most different refugees in various respects, not least the important thing function they performed in working with the C.I.A. on the counterinsurgency and counterterrorism campaigns, during which they had been usually despatched to kill or seize high-profile targets akin to these within the Taliban’s violent Haqqani community and Al Qaeda.
Their American trainers noticed them as environment friendly and dependable at preventing the Taliban. However many Afghan civilians accused them of their very own acts of terror: violently raiding rural villages, indiscriminately killing civilians and abusing prisoners.
In 2019, a report by Human Rights Watch accused the C.I.A.-trained counterterrorism forces of killing civilians throughout evening raids meant to strike at terrorist cells. The report detailed 14 circumstances the place C.I.A.-trained models dedicated “critical abuses” between 2017 and 2019.
A number of senior American officers mentioned that the counterterrorism fighters weren’t being evaluated with larger warning due to the kind of function they performed within the struggle, and that they had been on monitor to obtain S.I.V. standing. The officers spoke on the situation of anonymity due to the character of the work executed by the Afghans along side the C.I.A.
And after The New York Occasions started asking questions in regards to the group, American officers have tried to reassure them that they’ll get visas to enter america within the subsequent three to 6 months, in response to folks briefed on the conversations.
That two-tiered system during which some Afghans should full their visa course of earlier than getting into, one other official mentioned, displays the size of the problem: American applications that resettle refugees are already overwhelmed, having been reduce within the Trump years after which being confronted with the large inflow of Afghans. There are nonetheless about 12,000 Afghans at home navy bases awaiting matching with resettlement companies that may transfer them to a metropolis and assist them get began, officers mentioned.
There are additionally smaller teams of Afghan refugees nonetheless hoping to come back to america scattered about elsewhere, together with about 250 at a transit zone in Qatar. And there are about 200 at a NATO base in Kosovo, comprising a number of dozen males who had been weeded out within the preliminary vetting of these in any other case eligible for humanitarian parole and so are present process further screening, together with relations staying with them.
However at the same time as American officers counsel endurance, those that discover themselves nonetheless ready within the desert exterior Abu Dhabi are rising pissed off. These emotions seem significantly sharp among the many counterterrorism models, who say they served america at important private threat to the top — at the same time as different models surrendered to the Taliban or melted into the countryside.
“These guys ought to get credit score for doing what they did for 20 years — struggle our frequent enemy, Al Qaeda and the Taliban,” mentioned Mick Mulroy, a retired C.I.A. paramilitary officer and Afghanistan veteran.
Mr. Mulroy mentioned he was not criticizing the Emirates, and praised the U.A.E. for taking within the Afghan refugees. However he mentioned america, inside procedures, ought to velocity their passage to America.
In conversations with People, the fighters have described circumstances in Humanitarian Metropolis as strained and more and more disagreeable, including to their sense of being forgotten.
The power is basically a set of makeshift inns designed for short-term stays. It was established in 2003, initially to be a hub to assist help staff touring to catastrophe areas. Final August, the Emirates agreed to host 5,000 evacuees at Humanitarian Metropolis, although much more are there now.
Whereas meals is plentiful, folks conversant in the day by day lives of residents mentioned it had been a supply of recurring complaints among the many refugees.
Specifically, one of many folks described the meals as cooked and spiced in an Indian type, saying the Afghan evacuees discover it unpalatable. It is usually generally spoiled: The particular person supplied The Occasions with footage and movies exhibiting moldy eggs, spoiled meat, rice served with shreds of paper combined in and rotting potatoes. The particular person mentioned some kids had meals poisoning this month, forcing a short lived halt in meal service.
Traces to see a health care provider to acquire vaccinations required for admission to america or different medical care are hours lengthy, the folks conversant in residents’ complaints mentioned, and the medicines are sometimes out of inventory once they search to fill their prescriptions. Many of the medical personnel are Indian or Ugandan, requiring translators.
In a press release, the Emirati Embassy in Washington mentioned it had assisted within the evacuation of greater than 40,000 folks from Afghanistan. The Emirates has supplied meals and well being providers together with education and leisure actions within the air-conditioned amenities of Humanitarian Metropolis, the embassy mentioned. The amenities in Humanitarian Metropolis had been designed to deal with folks solely quickly, the embassy mentioned, and america is main the trouble to switch evacuees.
A senior administration official mentioned circumstances in Humanitarian Metropolis had been pretty much as good as or higher than these of refugees nonetheless at American navy bases, which have additionally been strained as a result of they weren’t designed to deal with massive numbers of refugees for a very long time.
However Afghans within the Emirates mentioned they might quite be in america whereas going by means of the visa course of to allow them to start their seek for work and a brand new life instantly. And the longer they wait, the extra the Afghans fear they could not make it to america.
Former C.I.A. officers who labored with them mentioned their efforts on behalf of America must be acknowledged.
“These guys have actually been preventing each evening for 20 years,” Mr. Mulroy mentioned. “They’re actually expert. They’ve confirmed themselves.”