Most international locations failing to crack down on corruption, new report says — together with Canada – Nationwide |

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2022-01-25 12:49:29

Most international locations have made little to no progress in bringing down corruption ranges over the previous decade, and authorities’ response to the COVID-19 pandemic in lots of locations has weighed on accountability, a intently watched research by an anti-graft group discovered Tuesday.

Transparency Worldwide’s 2021 Corruption Perceptions Index, which measures the notion of public sector corruption in accordance with specialists and businesspeople, discovered that “more and more, rights and checks and balances are being undermined not solely in international locations with systemic corruption and weak establishments, but additionally amongst established democracies.”

Amongst different points over the previous yr, it cited using Pegasus software program, which has been linked to snooping on human rights activists, journalists and politicians throughout the globe.

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The report stated the pandemic has “been utilized in many international locations as an excuse to curtail primary freedoms and sidestep necessary checks and balances.”

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In Western Europe, the best-scoring area general, the pandemic has given international locations “an excuse for complacency in anti-corruption efforts as accountability and transparency measures are uncared for and even rolled again,” Transparency stated. In some Asian international locations, it stated, COVID-19 “additionally has been used as an excuse to suppress criticism.” It pointed to elevated digital surveillance in some nations and authoritarian approaches in others.

The report ranks international locations on a scale from a “extremely corrupt” 0 to a “very clear” 100. Denmark, New Zealand and Finland tied for first place with 88 factors every; the primary two had been unchanged, whereas Finland gained three factors. Norway, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Germany accomplished the highest 10. The U.Ok. was eleventh with 78.

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America, which slipped over current years to hit 67 factors in 2020, held that rating this time however slipped a few locations to twenty seventh. Transparency stated it dropped out of the highest 25 for the primary time “because it faces steady assaults on free and truthful elections and an opaque marketing campaign finance system.”

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Canada, which slid three factors to 74 and two locations to thirteenth, “is seeing elevated dangers of bribery and corruption in enterprise,” the group stated. It added that the publication of the Pandora Papers confirmed Canada as “a hub for illicit monetary flows, fuelling transnational corruption throughout the area and the world.”

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The index charges 180 international locations and territories. South Sudan was backside with 11 factors; Somalia, with which it shared final place in 2020, tied this time with Syria for second-to-last with 13. Venezuela adopted with 14 — then Yemen, North Korea and Afghanistan tied with 16 apiece.

Transparency stated the management of corruption has stagnated or worsened in 86% of the international locations it surveyed within the final 10 years. In that point, 23 international locations — together with the U.S., Canada, Hungary and Poland — have declined considerably in its index, whereas 25 have improved considerably. They embrace Estonia, the Seychelles and Armenia.

Compiled since 1995, the index is calculated utilizing 13 completely different knowledge sources that present perceptions of public sector corruption from enterprise folks and nation specialists. Sources embrace the World Financial institution, the World Financial Discussion board and personal threat and consulting corporations.

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