Other than additional increasing cooperation in a number of areas together with hydropower and connectivity, non secular tourism is excessive on the agenda and PM Modi is predicted to underscore the shared civilisational and cultural heritage of the folks of the 2 international locations. This can be PM Modi’s fifth go to to Nepal since 2014.
At Lumbini, the PM will supply prayers on the Mayadevi temple- the start website of Gautama Buddha. The PM had gifted a Bodhi tree sapling from Bodh Gaya to this temple throughout his go to in 2014. Buddha Purnima is being noticed on Could 16 this 12 months.
The PM may even take part within the Shilanyas (basis laying) ceremony of a Centre for Buddhist Tradition and Heritage- to be constructed with Indian help.
The go to comes simply weeks after Nepal PM Sher Bahadur Deuba got here to New Delhi for in depth bilateral talks.
“The truth that a return go to is going down in such an in depth succession is a mirrored image of the closeness of our high-level exchanges in addition to of the upward trajectory in our mutually useful partnership,” stated Indian overseas secretary Vinay Mohan Kwatra.
Tourism is the mainstay of the Nepalese financial system and non secular tourism is without doubt one of the primary contributors to the Nepalese tourism trade. Not solely has it generated 1000’s of jobs, however has additionally promoted Nepalese tradition, way of life and traditions.
Indians account for about 30% of overseas vacationers in Nepal.
With a view to strengthen folks to folks exchanges, sister metropolis agreements have been signed between Kathmandu-Varanasi, Lumbini-Bodhgaya, and Janakpur-Ayodhya. India and Nepal have additionally agreed to collectively promote Ramayana and Buddhist tourism circuits.
What’s the Buddhist Circuit?
The circuit covers crucial pilgrimage locations for Buddhist vacationers.
It’s a route that follows within the footsteps of the Buddha from Lumbini in Nepal the place he was born, by means of Bodh Gaya in Bihar in India the place he attained enlightenment, to Sarnath and Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh, the place he gave his first teachings and his remaining resting place.
The Buddhist circuit has 4 worldwide and two home airports, whereas two extra are within the pipeline.
There are additionally plans of growing helicopter providers and enhancing worldwide connectivity. Other than a particular Buddhist Circuit practice, a complete of 88 trains join Gaya to New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, and Varanasi.
Vital Buddhist websites
* Lumbini, Nepal: Gautama Buddha’s birthplace.
* Kapilavastu, Uttar Pradesh: The place Buddha spent his early years.
* Bodh Gaya, Bihar: The place Buddha attained enlightenment.
* Sarnath in Varanasi, UP: Buddha gave his first sermon right here.
* Rajgir, Bihar: That is the place Buddha lived and taught.
* Kausambi, Uttar Pradesh: Buddha stayed and preached right here within the sixth and ninth years of his enlightenment.
* Shravasti, Uttar Pradesh: Buddha spent 24 wet seasons right here.
* Vaishali, Bihar: The place Buddha held his final sermon.
* Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh: The place the place Buddha attained Parinirvana (nirvana-after-death).
The Indian tourism ministry has sanctioned 5 initiatives price a complete of Rs 325.53 crore for the event of the Buddhist circuit underneath the Swadesh Darshan Scheme. It has additionally organised a Buddhist Circuit Practice FAM Tour as a part of the Centre’s Dekho Apna Desh initiative. The tour covers Gaya-Bodhgaya, Rajgir-Nalanda in Bihar in addition to Sarnath-Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.
India-Nepal ties underneath Modi
The India-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1950 varieties the bedrock of the particular relation between the 2 nations.
In consonance with the federal government’s ‘Neighbourhood First’ coverage, India underneath PM Modi has tremendously enhanced monetary and technical help to Nepal.
Within the wake of the 2015 earthquake in Nepal, India was the primary responder and carried out its largest catastrophe reduction operation overseas (Operation Maitri). India prolonged $1 billion credit score line to Nepal as a part of its long-term help for post-earthquake reconstruction in housing, training, well being and cultural heritage sectors.
India additionally supplies substantial monetary and technical help to Nepal for implementation of enormous improvement and infrastructure and connectivity initiatives, in addition to small improvement initiatives/ high-impact neighborhood improvement initiatives in key areas resembling training and well being.
In February 2021, 13 Terai street packages have been accomplished underneath India’s help of Rs 400 crore and handed over to the federal government of Nepal.
India and Nepal introduced the ‘New Partnership in Agriculture’ in April 2018, which focuses on collaborative initiatives in agriculture, training and R&D.
India can also be offering monetary and technical help for building of two broad gauge cross-border railway hyperlinks: Jaynagar-Bardibas and Jogbani-Biratnagar.
In October 2021, India accomplished a 34.9 km-long cross-border rail hyperlink connecting Jayanagar (in Bihar) to Kurtha (in Nepal). One other rail hyperlink is deliberate between Raxual (Bihar) and Kathmandu. The PMs of the 2 nations inaugurated the Jayanagar-Kurtha hyperlink on April 2, 2022.
India and Nepal additionally signed an settlement on February 1 this 12 months for the development of a motorable bridge throughout the Mahakali River connecting Dharchula (India) with Darchula (Nepal), underneath Indian grant help.
Ties between the 2 international locations got here underneath extreme pressure after Kathmandu printed a brand new political map in 2020 that confirmed three Indian territories – Limpiyadhura, Kalapani and Lipulekh – as a part of Nepal.
Indian and Nepal have in depth defence and safety cooperation, the 14th spherical of Bilateral Consultative Group on Safety Points was held on October 28, 2021, in Bengaluru whereby mutual safety considerations, coaching and capability constructing necessities of defence forces of Nepal, trade of high-level visits have been mentioned.
Largest commerce companion
India stays Nepal’s largest commerce companion, with bilateral commerce crossing $7 billion in FY 2019-20. India supplies transit for nearly the complete third nation commerce of Nepal, as per the ministry of exterior affairs.
India’s export to Nepal has grown 8 instances previously 10 years whereas exports from Nepal have nearly doubled.
Nepal is India’s eleventh largest export vacation spot, up from twenty eighth place in 2014.
In FY 2021-22, it constituted 2.34% of India’s exports. Exports from India represent nearly 22% of Nepal’s GDP.
India and Nepal signed an settlement on February 28 this 12 months for long-term provide of urea and DAP fertilisers from India to Nepal underneath a G2G association.
Indian corporations are among the many largest traders in Nepal, accounting for greater than 33% of the entire FDI inventory in Nepal, price almost $500 million.
India additionally equipped greater than 23 tonnes of medicines and medical gear to Nepal on grant foundation through the first wave of Covid-19. Until date, greater than 9.5 million doses of those vaccines have been despatched to Nepal, each on grant and industrial foundation. With a purpose to help Nepal to deal with the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic, a Medical Oxygen Plant based mostly on India’s indigenous know-how was put in at BP Koirala Institute of Well being Sciences in Dharan in August 2021.
The whole Covid-19 help offered to Nepal is greater than $7 million.
(With inputs from businesses)