The textbook controversy in Karnataka

The textbook controversy in Karnataka

2022-06-22 10:31:02

Why has the revision of textbooks within the State triggered opposition from a number of communities, writers and college students?

Why has the revision of textbooks within the State triggered opposition from a number of communities, writers and college students?

The story up to now: A textbook revision committee headed by Rohith Chakrathirtha was arrange in Karnataka following a memorandum submitted by the Karnataka Brahmin Mahasabha to the Major and Secondary Training Minister B.C. Nagesh. The memorandum demanded revision of Class 6 Social Science textbooks on the bottom that they “harm the feelings of the Brahmin group.” The Karnataka textbook revision committee was initially set as much as revise Social Science textbooks from Lessons 6 to eight. Nevertheless, it was finally given the duty to revise all textbooks from Lessons 1 to 10. The committee submitted its report in March 2022 and as per the report, Social Science textbooks of Lessons 6 to 10 in all mediums, Lessons 1 to 10 Kannada first language (besides Class 3) textbooks, Kannada second language textbooks of Lessons 6, 7, and 9, and third language textbooks of all mediums of Lessons 7, 8, and 9 have been revised. The revised textbooks have triggered opposition from varied teams.

Why did the Karnataka State Brahmin Improvement Board object to sure sections within the textbooks?

The Karnataka State Brahmin Improvement Board met with then Chief Minister B.S. Yediyurappa in December 2020 objecting to sure extracts within the Class 6 Social Science Half 1 textbook. One of many paragraphs it discovered objectionable was in chapter 5 titled “The Tradition of The Vedic Interval”. The paragraph acknowledged: “Providing milk, ghee and cereals to the hearth throughout these yagnas led to the scarcity of meals”. Moreover, sections from paragraph 1 of chapter 7, ‘Rise of New Religions’, was discovered objectionable. The paragraph below the subheading “Why did the brand new religions emerge?” learn: “Through the Vedic interval, rituals like Yaga and Yagna wanted animal sacrifice. This affected the meals manufacturing. Aside from this, meals grains, milk and ghee have been supplied as ‘Havisu’ and burnt within the hearth which resulted in a scarcity of meals. Folks had additionally believed that solely via these Yagnas true liberation (Mukti) was potential. However these pricey rituals have been carried out by reciting Sanskrit shlokas. Sanskrit was the monks’ language and customary individuals have been unable to know it. Folks have been in expectation of a easy path to liberation that was defined in their very own language.” The Karnataka Brahmin Mahasabha claimed that such statements within the textbooks harm their non secular sentiments and therefore needs to be revised. In September 2021, a 16-member committee headed by Mr. Chakrathirtha was set as much as revise textbooks from Lessons I to Class 10. The committee submitted a report in March 2022 which sparked opposition from Dalit organisations, varied writers and from two highly effective communities of Karnataka, the Veerashaiva Lingayat and Vokkaliga Sabha.

The revised textbooks, which have been launched on-line on Could 23, don’t include chapters on “The Tradition of the Vedic Interval”, “Rise of New Religions” and “Christianity and Islam.”

Why are Dalit organisations protesting towards the revision?

Outrage amongst Dalit organisations was triggered because of the omission of sure particulars about Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in chapter 5 of the Class 9 Social Science textbook titled “Our Structure”. The chapter beforehand acknowledged that “based mostly on his (BR Ambedkar’s) contribution to the framing of the structure, he’s referred to as the ‘Chief Architect of [the] Indian Structure’.” Nevertheless, the revised textbooks solely point out that “Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of one of the crucial vital committees, i.e., the Drafting Committee.” Details about Ambedkar’s contribution in eliminating untouchability in one other chapter has additionally been tweaked. The revised textbook solely mentions that “Jyotiba Phule, Swami Vivekananda, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and others made immense efforts to wipe out the stigma of untouchability”. Dalit organisations have demanded that the teachings be reprinted and the omitted details about Ambedkar be reinstated.

THE GIST

Revisions made to Kannada textbooks from Class 1 to 10 by the textbook revision committee headed by Rohith Chakrathirtha has triggered opposition from varied teams.

The elimination of writings by varied distinguished writers has sparked protests by students and scholar organisations from Karnataka. They’ve accused the revision committee and the federal government of propagating Hindutva ideology.

Dalit organisations, seers from the Veerashaiva-Lingayat group and leaders of the Vokkaliga group have all objected to the revised textbooks.

Why are seers of the Veerashaiva-Lingayat group upset?

Varied Veerashaiva-Lingayat seers have raised objections towards the revision of the content material of chapter 3 of the Class 9 Social Science Half 1 textbook titled, “Spiritual Promoters and Social Reformers”. Whereas the earlier textbook acknowledged that “Basaveshwara was a robust opponent of the caste system and he threw away the ‘Sacred thread’ after his Upanayana (the thread ceremony) and went to Kudalasangama”, the revised textbook has excluded this and solely mentions that “after his thread ceremony, he went to Kudalasangama”. The earlier textbook had additionally talked about that “Basaveshwara and his disciples advocated Veerashaiva philosophy which was based mostly on easy human values. They rejected the quite a few rituals deeply rooted in Vedic faith.” Nevertheless, the revised textbook merely states: “He reformed Veerashaivism.” This has upset the Lingayat group which needs the content material revised to replicate the precise historical past of Basaveshwara.

What in regards to the Vokkaligas?

Leaders of the Vokkaliga group are elevating objections towards the textbook revision committee’s head Mr. Chakrathirtha. They’re accusing him of insulting the Nada Geethe (state anthem) and being disrespectful to a widely known Kannada poet, Kuvempu, who wrote it. The accusations stem from a Fb submit of 2017 that has resurfaced and has been doing rounds on social media. The screenshot is a parody of the state anthem that Mr. Chakrathirtha posted on March 16, 2017. In response to the screenshot, Mr. Chakrathirtha gave a satirical which means to the state anthem, allegedly disrespecting it by evaluating Karnataka to the Congress get together. The Vokkaliga Sangha and varied scholar organisations such because the Nationwide College students’ Union of India (NSUI) and the All India College students’ Federation (AISF) staged a protest at Freedom Park in Bengaluru demanding the dissolution of the textbook committee headed by Mr. Chakrathirtha. Varied eminent writers have resigned from State authorities our bodies due to the dearth of motion towards the committee head.

Why are writers, students and scholar organisations indignant?

The elimination of writings by varied distinguished writers has sparked protests by students and scholar organisations from Karnataka. Class 10 Kannada textbooks have been revised and chapter 1 titled “Yuddha” by Sara Aboobacker, chapter 4 titled “Mruga Mattu Sundari” by P. Lankesh, and chapter 6, “Vyagra Geethe” by A. N. Murthy Rao has been dropped. The works of those writers have been changed by a speech of the founding father of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, Ok.B Hedgewar, and essays by Chakravarthy Sulibele, a right-wing ideologist, and Sanskrit students Bannanje Govindacharya and Shathavadhani Ganesh. Scholar organisations and students level out that the inclusion of Hedgewar’s speech will result in the “saffronisation” of textbooks. They accused the revision committee and the federal government of propagating Hindutva ideology.

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