Dwell updates: Hong Kong handover anniversary, Xi Jinping go to, John Lee swearing-in

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2022-07-01 09:12:22

Since coming to energy, Chinese language chief Xi Jinping has waged an ideological battle towards the affect of “Western values” reminiscent of constitutional democracy, press freedom, judicial independence and common human rights — notions which have lengthy been cherished in Hong Kong and fashioned an integral a part of its id.

Town’s pursuit of full democracy, specifically finally electing its chief by common suffrage — a aim written into its mini-constitution, the Primary Legislation — is very considered with suspicion by Beijing, which is anxious {that a} freely elected chief may pose a problem to its authority.

Umbrella Motion: In 2014, 1000’s of younger protesters occupied key roads within the metropolis’s monetary heart to demand “true common suffrage” — rejecting a proposal by China’s parliament to have the candidates vetted prematurely by a pro-Beijing committee.

The peaceable protests, referred to as the “Umbrella Motion,” ended after 79 days, with none of their calls for met.

Since then, Beijing has sought to exert extra management over Hong Kong. Throughout his first go to to town as China’s chief in 2017, Xi warned that any efforts to “problem the facility” of the central authorities had been “completely impermissible.”

Operating out of time: Beijing’s tightening grip solely intensified discontent within the metropolis, particularly amongst its youthful technology — lots of whom worry they’re working out of time to combat for democracy earlier than the 2047 deadline for a way lengthy issues could be nominally allowed to remain the identical within the semi-autonomous metropolis.

Some tried to push for change by becoming a member of town’s legislature, however that failed too below rising stress from Beijing. A slew of pro-democracy lawmakers had been disqualified over an oath-taking controversy, whereas different candidates had been barred from standing for workplace.

2019 protests: Lengthy-running tensions finally erupted in 2019. Over that summer time, peaceable marches towards a proposed invoice that might permit the extradition of prison suspects to mainland China quickly snowballed into generally violent anti-Beijing protests, plunging town into months of social unrest and its most tumultuous interval because the handover.

Nationwide safety legislation: On June 30, 2020, Beijing bypassed Hong Kong’s legislature to impose a nationwide safety legislation on town, which critics say, has been used to crush the its opposition motion, overhaul its electoral system, silence its outspoken media and cripple its once-vibrant civil society. The Hong Kong authorities has repeatedly defended the legislation, saying it has restored order to town following the 2019 protests.

Learn the total evaluation right here.

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Supply by [tellusdaily.com]