International Day of Democracy, a day that gives a chance to evaluation the state of democracy on the planet, is being noticed by all UN member states in the present day (September 15). Back in 2007, the United Nations General Assembly had resolved to watch 15 September because the International Day of Democracy. The goal of the UNGA was to uphold and promote the ideas of democracy. The UNGA had additionally invited all member states and organizations to commemorate the day in an applicable method that contributes to elevating public consciousness.
The International Day of Democracy is seen as a chance to evaluation the state of democracy on the planet. The hyperlink between democracy and human rights is captured in article 21(3) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
What is Democracy?
Democracy is as a lot a course of as a purpose, and solely with the complete participation of and help by the worldwide neighborhood, nationwide governing our bodies, civil society and people, can the best of democracy be made right into a actuality to be loved by everybody, in every single place.
The values of freedom, respect for human rights and the precept of holding periodic and real elections by common suffrage are important parts of democracy. In flip, democracy gives the pure setting for the safety and efficient realization of human rights. These values are embodied within the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and additional developed within the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which enshrines a number of political rights and civil liberties underpinning significant democracies.
Democracy within the instances of COVID-19
According to what UN Secretary-General António Guterres says, “As the world confronts COVID-19, democracy is crucial in ensuring the free flow of information, participation in decision-making and accountability for the response to the pandemic.” Guterres has additionally urged governments to be clear, responsive and accountable of their COVID-19 response and make sure that any emergency measures are authorized, proportionate, essential and non-discriminatory.
The Secretary-General’s coverage temporary says states should respect and defend, amongst different rights, freedom of expression and of the press, freedom of data, freedom of affiliation and of meeting.
The unprecedented COVID-19 disaster has resulted in main social, political and authorized challenges globally, the United Nations says.
As states world wide undertake emergency measures to handle the disaster, it’s crucial that they proceed to uphold the rule of regulation, defend and respect worldwide requirements and fundamental ideas of legality, and the best to entry justice, cures and due course of.
The disaster raises the query of how greatest to counter dangerous speech whereas defending freedom of expression, the UN says.
Sweeping efforts to remove misinformation or disinformation may end up in purposeful or unintentional censorship, which undermines belief.
The simplest response is correct, clear and evidence-based data from sources folks belief, the United Nations says.
International Day of Democracy 2020 Theme
In 2019, the theme for democracy was ‘participation’. However, this 12 months, the International Day of Democracy is a chance to recall that democracy is about folks.
Democracy is constructed on inclusion, equal remedy and participation—and it’s a basic constructing block for peace, sustainable improvement, and human rights.