While a “very limited supply” of a Covid-19 vaccine may be prepared in November or December, it “will have to be prioritized,” CDC Director Dr. Robert Redfield advised a Senate appropriations subcommittee Wednesday.
“It will be those first responders and those at greatest risk for death, and then eventually that will expand,” he mentioned.
“If you’re asking me when is it going to be generally available to the American public, so we can begin to take advantage of vaccine to get back to our regular life, I think we’re probably looking at third, late second quarter, third quarter 2021.”
On prime of that, “in order to have enough of us immunized so we have immunity, I think it’s going to take us six to nine months,” he mentioned.
But he mentioned Americans have already got a weapon he believes may very well be simpler towards Covid-19: face masks.
“These face masks are the most important, powerful public health tool we have,” Redfield mentioned, holding up a blue face masks.
“If we did it for six, eight, 10, 12 weeks, we’d bring this pandemic under control,” he mentioned.
“I might even go so far as to say that this face mask is more guaranteed to protect me against Covid than when I take a Covid vaccine, because the immunogenicity may be 70%. And if I don’t get an immune response, the vaccine’s not going to protect me. This face mask will.”
Yet repeatedly, folks collect and socialize with out carrying face masks — generally resulting in tragic outcomes.
7 coronavirus deaths are linked to 1 wedding ceremony
For months, medical doctors have burdened the significance of carrying masks, social distancing, and avoiding giant gatherings.
The wedding ceremony in Millinocket on August 7 had about 65 company, a violation of the state’s 50-person restrict for indoor occasions, the Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention mentioned.
The occasion is linked to outbreaks which have unfolded at a nursing house and a jail, each greater than 100 miles away from the marriage venue, amongst individuals who had solely secondary or tertiary contact with an attendee.
Residents at Maplecrest Rehabilitation and Living Center accounted for 39 circumstances tied to the marriage and 6 of the seven deaths to date, Maine CDC Director Dr. Nirav D. Shah mentioned.
“The virus favors gatherings,” Shah added. “It does not distinguish between happy events like a wedding celebration, or sad farewells, like a funeral.”
Despite such somber warnings, about 1,500 folks descended on a New Jersey boardwalk home featured in MTV’s “Jersey Shore” on Monday evening, ending in eight arrests, Seaside Heights police mentioned.
The occasion was organized by a group of YouTube pranksters, in keeping with Seaside Heights Police Detective Steve Korman, and officers say they’re now anxious about how they are going to monitor attainable infections amongst greater than a thousand folks.
Universities attempt to get forward of outbreaks
More than 50,000 coronavirus circumstances have been reported at schools and universities in all 50 states.
Citing a vital rise in circumstances amongst college students, the University of Colorado Boulder introduced a 14-day quarantine interval for college kids residing throughout the metropolis.
At the University of Missouri, two college students had been expelled and three had been suspended for violating guidelines that require college students who take a look at constructive to isolate and adjust to social distancing.
Covid-19 may have been within the US as early as December
Though outbreaks attributed to coronavirus weren’t extensively documented until the spring, the virus could have circulated within the United States as early as December — about a month sooner than believed by the CDC, in keeping with UCLA researchers.
A examine, printed Thursday within the Journal of Medical Internet Research, discovered a statistically vital improve in clinic and hospital visits by sufferers who reported respiratory sicknesses as early because the week of December 22.
The first recognized case of Covid-19 within the US was regarded as a affected person in Washington state who had visited Wuhan, China, in keeping with the CDC. That case was reported in January.
But the variety of affected person visits to the ER for respiratory complaints, in addition to the variety of folks hospitalized with acute respiratory failure between December 2019 and February 2020, had been all increased in comparison with information from the previous 5 years. Though the circumstances may have been from the flu, the numbers are notable, Dr. Joann Elmore advised CNN.
Dr. Claudia Hoyen, an infectious illness specialist at University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center who didn’t work on the examine, mentioned she believes it is attainable Covid-19 could have been within the US a lot sooner than first realized.
But Kristian Andersen, a professor of immunology and microbiology at Scripps Research, disagreed.
“We know from the SARS-CoV-2 genetic data that the pandemic started in late November / early December in China so there’s absolutely no way the virus could have been spreading widely in December 2019. From the same genetic data we know that widespread transmission didn’t start in the United States until (around) February 2020,” Andersen mentioned in an e mail.
“The paper is picking up spurious signals and the hospitalizations are more likely from flu or other respiratory diseases,” Andersen wrote.
Returning to regular is a good distance off
Officials try to organize the general public for a pandemic-altered life for a few extra months — if not years.
Dr. Soumya Swaminathan, chief science officer on the World Health Organization in Geneva, mentioned the world may not be capable to return to “pre-Covid” life until 2022.
Swaminathan mentioned 60% to 70% of the worldwide inhabitants would want to have immunity earlier than there’s a dramatic discount in transmission of the virus.
“We’re looking at 2022 at least before enough people start getting the vaccine to build immunity,” she advised journalists throughout a digital assembly hosted by the United Nations Foundation.
“So for a long time to come, we have to maintain the same kind of measures that are currently being put in place with physical distancing, the masking and respiratory hygiene.”
CNN’s Anna Sturla, Naomi Thomas, Maggie Fox, Elizabeth Hartfield, Jennifer Feldman, Jaqueline Howard, Nakia McNabb and Gisela Crespo contributed to this report.